The work of dentist is to diagnose, treat and prevent problems related with mouth tissues and teeth. In addition, the dentist has several other duties such as removing decay, examining x-rays, repairing fractured teeth, filling cavities, straightening teeth, as well as insertion protective plastics sealants on the teeth of children. Other duties of dentist are to perform corrective surgery on the supporting bones and gums in order to treat diseases of the gum. If you have a missing tooth, it is the work of a dentist to extract teeth and make measurements for dentures in order to replace them.
In addition, other duties may include providing instructions on diet, flossing, brushing, the use of fluorides and several other aspects of dental care. In addition, dentists administer anesthetics and they are the ones who write prescriptions for medications and other such medications. There are several equipment which dentist use in their day-to-day activities such as the x ray machine, drills and several instruments like forceps, probes, mouth mirror, scalpels and brushes. As the dentist administers dental care, he/she wears masks, safety glasses and gloves that provide the necessary protection from several infectious diseases. This also helps the patient from getting these diseases.
Most of the dentists are general practitioners and they are the ones who handle a variety of dental needs. There are however nine specialty areas where dentist practice and these are:
• Orthodontist which is the largest group of specialty and their work involves straightening teeth by putting pressure to teeth with retainers or braces.
• Oral and maxillofacial who operates on the jaws and mouth
• Periodontist who treat gum and the bones that support the teeth
• Prosthodontist who replaces teeth with permanent fixtures
• Public health dentist
• Oral pathologist
• Oral and maxillofacial radiologist