Post-Operative Care Instructions after Wisdom Teeth Extraction or other Oral Surgery Procedure.
Bleeding: The patient’s mouth will look red for an hour or two after wisdom teeth extraction or other extraction. This is quite normal, as when the blood clot dissolves, the water in your mouth turns red. It is normal to expect some slight oozing from an extraction socket or other wound. To minimize bleeding, it is best to keep activity to a minimum on the day of the surgery. The patient should leave the mouth alone as much as possible for the remainder of the day and try to rest up as much as possible. It is advisable to sit up as much as possible rather than lying flat and to refrain from eating and drinking hot liquids for about three hours. If the patient does experience bleeding, he should sit up and rest, roll a clean tissue, cotton wool or gauze into a pad about the size of the index finger, place it over the socket or wound and bite on it for twenty minutes. In the event of excessive bleeding, the patient should refer back to the dentist who removed the wisdom teeth.
Pain: Some pain is to be expected after any surgery, especially wisdom teeth extraction so the patient should take whatever painkiller, they use normally or those prescribed for the patient. Please read instructions that accompany the painkillers and take the medication on a regular basis to increase its effect.
Antibiotics: The patient may be prescribed an antibiotic after wisdom teeth extraction and it is important that he complete the course for the antibiotic to be effective. If the patient feels unwell after taking the antibiotic, he should contact the dentist who performed the wisdom tooth extraction or his doctor. The instructions on the antibiotics should be read carefully and followed. If the wisdom tooth is infected when it is removed, it is more lightly, that the patient will require an antibiotic to be prescribed. If there is no infection when the tooth is removed and the mouth is kept extremely clean after the extraction, then it is far less lightly that the patient will need an antibiotic.
Swelling: Some swelling can be expected after any surgery, especially after the wisdom teeth extraction and depending on the difficulty of the extraction, this swelling may be quite dramatic. The swelling may increase in size for forty-eight hours after the surgery has been completed. Like any bruise it will take between 7 and 10 days to disappear. Swelling around your jaws may make it uncomfortable to eat and talk. If the patient’s wisdom teeth elevate out, there will be minimal or no swelling. However, if the patient’s wisdom tooth is cut out or surgically removed will there be swelling. The more difficult the procedure, the more swelling will occur.
Local Anaesthetic: Numbness normally persists for about 3 hours after wisdom teeth extraction. It is important to be careful, that the patient does not bite his lip or cheek or scald himself on hot liquids while his mouth is numb. If possible avoid eating and drinking hot liquids until the numb feeling has passed. If you do bite yourself while numb you will get quite a painful ulcer on your cheek. This will however heal without any problem after about 2 weeks.