Tooth extraction is a dental procedure of the removal of a tooth from your mouth. There are two basic types of tooth extraction: simple extraction and surgical extraction. Simple extraction involves the removal of teeth that are not visible in the mouth. Surgical extraction involves the removal of teeth are not easily reachable or visible in the mouth. The reasons for a tooth extraction include:
A Crowded Mouth
The dentist may remove your tooth in preparation for orthodontia. The objective of orthodontia is proper alignment of teeth. However, it is impossible to achieve that if your jaws cannot accommodate your tooth. In addition, the dentist may extract the tooth if it cannot erupt because of insufficient room in your mouth. The extra teeth also referred to as supernumerary prevents teeth from erupting.
If the damage of your tooth extends to the pulp, you can get an infection because of the entry of bacteria in the pulp. Root canal therapy or antibiotics can correct such a situation. However, if they cannot cure the disease, extraction may be essential to eliminate the spread of the infection.
Part of Orthodontic Procedures
Orthodontic treatment involves straightening of the teeth. Orthodontic procedures such as braces may necessitate the extraction of the tooth to create space for proper alignment of the tooth.
The cause of the tooth damage beyond repair may be decay, broken or due to trauma (through maybe a sharp blow to the teeth thus causing chipping of the tooth). When the damage is severe, tooth extraction becomes the only solution.
Risk of Infection
Compromising of the immune system, for instance, through receiving chemotherapy or a risk of tooth infection, then tooth extraction may be inevitable. Chemotherapy increases the risk of tooth infection by weakening the immune system. Therefore, removal becomes necessary. Organ transplant, on the other hand, also increases the chances of tooth infection through the prescribed immunosuppressive medications. Teeth extraction prior to the transplant thus has to take place.
If your tooth has the periodontal disease, it may cause loosening of the teeth. The periodontal disease is an infection of the bones and tissues that support and surrounds the teeth. Such a disease may cause pulling of the teeth.
Remove Impacted Wisdom Teeth
The baby teeth and impacted wisdom teeth may fail to fall out on their own. Such a situation may interfere with the surrounding nerves, vital teeth structures or other teeth. Such teeth need immediate extraction to prevent disease progression.
Non-Functioning or Misaligned Teeth
Teeth misalignment may lead to failure in achieving the appropriate bite against two opposing teeth. Such complications that may cause gradual and eventual deterioration of your oral health may facilitate the extraction of your tooth.
Neck and head radiation therapy may necessitate prior tooth extraction in order to prevent complications such as infection. Radiation causes dysfunction in the salivary gland that will eventually lead to increasing in oral disease and tooth decay.