Titanium is the main metal used in making the dental implants, screwed to the tooth surgically. The implant attached, fuses with the jaw bone under the process of Osseointegration. These implants have successfully replaced the use of bridges and partial dentures. It’s a revolutionary step towards replacing the missing teeth.
· Root form
One of the most common forms of dental implants is root form. If there is a lot of depth or width towards the jawbone, the method becomes useful. Sometimes, it might become essential to opt for bone grafting where the jawbone is either narrow or short for the required placement. Soon after anesthesia, the dental surgeon starts the process of operating. This is necessary as it’s an invasive process which might cause pain and loss of blood. The dentist starts the process by preparing the area surrounding the jawbone. He also takes the decision about the number of implants after going through the dental condition of each patient. This, however, depends on the use of incisions and bone preparations. The roots are in the form of screwed tooth which needs attached to the jaws. It might take at least six months for the implant to settle down. Once it heals, the dentist can move forward to uncover the implant and place an abutment.
· Plate form
If your narrow jawbone is not possible for bone grafting, the plate form becomes the desirable method for implant. It is long and flat in shape and perfectly fits in the area. The dentist carries out the surgery after applying the anesthesia. After opening the area around the jaw, the bone prepared for implant. In this method also, the number of incisions and bone preparations decide the amount of implants used. After the implant, the sutures are necessary. The main benefit of using this method is its healing period. It might not take a long time to heal the area around attached implants.
· Immediate load
One of the latest methods introduced in dental implants is immediate load which helps curb the time towards healing. Under the method, after extracting the tooth, the implant needs a cover in the form of crown soon after the surgery. However, this method is only applicable under two conditions.
– Enough bone’s required to withhold the implant.
– The implant should have enough strength to hold the crown.
Where these two conditions get the support, the patient finds relieved from the long time that goes into the healing process. There are mainly two ways to get the impression of the jawbone while adopting this method.
– In the first case, the dentist manually takes the impression of the jawbone after using anesthesia. The dental lab prepares the customized implant of jaw which for placement on the exposed jawbone. After suturing, the replacement of teeth becomes essential to cover the area.
– In the second case, the dentist takes the impression with the help of CT scan. The dental implant prepared in the lab is finally placed on the exposed area of jawbone, sutured and fitted with replacement teeth.