Most Oral Surgery procedures such as dental extractions are traumatic to some degree. It involves the application of force to an area of the human body and often the use of surgical drills. For most individuals the side effects are predictable and the results are as desired. However there are many unwanted side effects which must be dealt with as they arise.
The side effects of Oral Surgery procedures can be unpleasant and include predictable effects such as pain and swelling of the affected area which will take from one week and ten days to resolve.
Other common but unpredictable side effects include dry socket is an intense pain after an extraction which is not relieved by painkillers and typically lasts about 2 weeks, but may last much longer. There is no treatment. It will resolve in time and heal normally once the pain has passed.
Ulceration of the skin of your mouth may occur after the removal of wisdom teeth or other procedure. The ulceration is often quiet painful and will resolve in approximately 10 days. There are many causes of the ulceration including biting your self while numb, trauma from the procedure, stress etc. Difflam Mouth Wash is helpful at easing the pain of ulceration.
Numbness of the skin of the lips, cheek, and tongue is a well recognized and unpredictable side effect of nearly any Oral Surgery procedures but it is especially associated with the removal of lower wisdom teeth and other surgical procedures at the back of your lower jaw and with surgical procedures on your lips. The numb feeling or altered sensation is usually temporary. The numb feeling may be permanent, however this is rare. There is no treatment to correct a numb feeling or altered sensation after surgery.
Fracture of associated teeth. Teeth with large fillings are weak. If a weak tooth is very close to a surgical site the tooth may break or the filling may fall out. This is an unfortunate, relatively common and unpredictable side effect which is a result of past decay which has weakened your tooth. Normally the broken tooth is left alone. When you have recovered from the extraction you return to your dentist to have the tooth fixed.
Loose Teeth. Teeth beside an extraction site or other surgical site will often be loose at the completion of a procedure. This is very common and is usually because there is less bone holding your teeth than before. In most instances the teeth will firm up in several weeks if left alone and no pressure applied to them.
Oral-Antral fistula. Your upper jaw contains a hollow cavity and the cavity is called a sinus. This sinus is connected to your nose. The creation of a hole from your mouth into a sinus of your top jaw is relatively common. This allows fluid from your mouth to come out of your nose when you drink and must be surgically closed.
Teeth displaced into the Sinus. Your top back teeth may be displaced into the sinus cavity of your top jaw. If the tooth causes no symptoms it may be left where it is. If it becomes painful or infected it must be removed.
Swallowing or Inhaling fragments of teeth. Thank-fully a rare event. The extraction of teeth involves applying considerable pressure. It is not always possible to predict the effect of applying this pressure. When a tooth breaks into multiple pieces, the fragments must be removed from your mouth. Sudden or unexpected movement from a patient can result in you swallowing a tooth or piece of a tooth. If this happens you must have a chest x-ray to make sure you have not inhaled the tooth into your lungs. Swallowed teeth will pass through you. Inhaled teeth must be removed from your lungs.
A Broken Jaw. A fracture of your jaw bone either completely or incompletely is a rare event which does occur. It is unpredictable and often only discovered several weeks after it has happened. The nature of the fracture will determine the treatment you need.
Persistent Pain. A very rare but recognized result of any procedure is persistent pain in the area of your mouth where you had surgery which will not respond to painkillers, antibiotics or other conventional treatment. The pain may persistent for such a long time as to be considered permanent. There is no cure for such a pain. There are many rare, unpredictable side effects which will occasionally happen. The traumatic nature of wisdom teeth removal and dental extractions in general makes it impossible to predict every possible side effect. Your surgeon will make every effort to avoid unwanted side effects and to aid your recovery when they do occur. If you ever have any concerns after surgery be sure to contact your surgeon.