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Herniated Disc – Recovery

It would not be out of place to guide the people afflicted with herniated discs to some of the efficacious remedies to cure the back pain as incidence of the cases is on the rise now-a-days. Causes are not unknown. Incidents of falling down while boarding and getting off buses and other means of the public transport system, sustaining injuries in road accidents and attacks by miscreants, in sport activities/competitions/ matches such as foot ball, cricket, tennis, badminton, baseball, basketball — athletics i.e., boxing, wrestling, weight lifting, long jump, high jump, car racing, and also — on the cultural front, the most strenuous, arduous and toilsome demonstrations in the multifarious forms of art; for example — stormy dance contests and other gimmicks, acrobatics and juggleries in the name of art and cultural activities/programs in T.V. reality shows — are, in different degrees, responsible for the ever- growing incidence of the disc rupturing/slipping cases.

What is a herniated disc?

A herniated disc, commonly called a “slipped disc” or a “ruptured disc” or a “broken disc”–is most often a consequence of an accident resulting in a rupture, lifting any thing too heavy or in a wrong way, causing an injury or trauma in the spine. In other words, it involves a disc slipping/rupturing/breaking.

A person with the back pain, leg pain or weakness of the extremely lower muscles is diagnosed as a “patient suffering from a herniated disc.” A herniated disc is caused by a sudden fall or an accident or may occur gradually with repetitive straining of nerves. Most often the people, who experience a herniated disc, already have “spinal stonosis”-a problem that causes narrowing of the spinal cord and spinal nerves. When a herniated disc occurs, the space for the nerves is further diminished, and irritation of the nerve results.

What is a bulging disc?

Although associated with a herniated disc, a bulging disc is something different, exclusively related to the lumber (lower spine of the back), and a totally old age problem.

The “nucleus pulposus” (the jelly-like substance in the middle of the spinal disc) of the “herniated disc” bulges out through the “annulus” (surrounding wall) and presses on the nerve root next to it. This nerve root becomes inflamed and causes serious pain. The problem may also be caused by degenerative disc disease (spondylosis). The disc consists of about 80 per cent of water. When one grows older, the disc starts to dry out and shrink, causing small tears in the “annulus” and inflammation of the nerve root.

In a case of herniated disc, the decompression takes place quite quickly and causes the disc to slip out, whereas in a case of bulging disc, the decompression takes place very slowly and causes the disc to bulge out.

What happens is that the spinal disc — a soft cushion that sits between each vertebra of the spine — becomes more rigid with age. In a young individual, the disc is soft and elastic, but like so many other structures in the body, the disc gradually loses its elasticity and is more vulnerable to injury. In fact, even in individuals as young as 30, MRIs show evidence of disc deterioration in about 30 per cent of people.

What is Sciatica?

Sciatica is also associated with the herniated disc. Sciatica patients experience a severe pain that shoots from the buttocks and hips, and runs down to the legs and feet. This condition is mostly accompanied by back pain felt in the legs. This is why it is also called the “leg pain.” Since it involves the sciatic nerve – the body’s biggest nerve – hence it has been given the medical name “sciatica.” When this nerve gets irritated or disturbed by some pressure, possibly by a herniated disc, the patient feels a burning pain which is medically termed the “sciatic pain.” So, sciatica, essentially, is a by-product of the herniated disc condition.

How does a herniated disc occur?

A person afflicted with a herniated disc, suffers from an unbearable pain and swelling. When the disc (muscular cushion) is displaced from its original position because of an injury or rupture, resulting in an extra growth, the bundle of spinal nerves is pinched from the abnormal growth. The injury to the nerves and the attached muscles produces “prostaglandins” which cause a severe pain in the back, neck, waist, shoulders and sometimes in the arms and legs as well.

When the spinal disc becomes less elastic, it ruptures. When so happens, a portion of the spinal disc pushes outside its normal boundary – this is what’s medically termed a “herniated disc.” When a herniated disc bulges out from between the vertebrae, the spinal nerves and the spinal cord, it gets pinched. There is normally a little extra space around the spinal cord and spinal nerves, but if enough of the herniated disc is pushed out of place, then these structures may be compressed.

Symptoms of herniated disc

The compression of the spinal cord or the spinal nerves turns them out of order. This means that abnormal signals may be passed from the compressed nerves, or signals may not be passed at all.

Electric shock-like abnormal sensations caused by any pressure on the nerve, and the pain going down to the arms and then to the legs, feeling of the abnormal sensations of tingling, numbness, or pins and needles in the same region as painful electric shock sensations, and weakness of the muscles because of the nerve irritation – are some of the symptoms a herniated disc patient experiences.

Remedies and therapeutic Options

In the treatment of herniated disc cases, there are two types of remedies and therapeutic options; the first being the surgical and the second one the non- surgical.

Surgical option:

It is only allopathic system of medicine that adopts the surgical option as the last resort when the use of all other artificial remedies– the counter-pain medication and pain-killers such as “ibuprofen” prove ineffective in the treatment of a case of back pain striking either from a herniated disc or a strained/pulled muscle. In more serious cases wherein all the non-surgical remedies and therapeutic techniques fail to give a quick relief, the patients writhing in pain are promptly rushed to an allopath who, with the consent of the patient’s relatives, go ahead for the surgery without any delay, if he is a surgeon himself; otherwise he refers the case to a surgeon or any government hospital. This kind of surgery conducted on a herniated disc patient is medically termed “disc fusion” and “discectomy” in which dislocated disc is replaced in its original position, extra growth caused by the dislocation removed and finally the bundle of spinal nerves that was strained due to the abnormal overgrowth normalized.

However, there is a little difference between a disc fusion and a discectomy. Disc fusion – also called “spinal fusion” – involves replacement of an artificial disc in the lumbar spine. It is considered the best treatment particularly for the “degenerative disc disease.”

Discectomy – also known as” spondylodesis” or “spondyloryndesis” – is a surgical technique usually used to combine the two or more vertebrae. This procedure is used primarily to alleviate the pain caused by abnormal motion of the vertebrae by immobilizing the vertebrae themselves.

Supplementary bone tissue is used in conjunction with body’s natural “osteblastic” processes. Thus the central portion of an intervertebral disc, the nucleus pulposus, which causes the pain by straining the pain by stressing the spinal cord or radiating nerves, is

removed.

Then, the disc material pressing on the spinal nerve or spinal cord is completely removed. The intervertebral foramen — the bone channel, through which the spinal nerve runs — is then enlarged with a drill giving the nerve more room to exist the spinal canal.

To open the vertebrae from collapsing and to increase their stability, the open space is often filled with bone graft, taken from the pelvis or cadaveric bone. The slow process of the bone graft joining the vertebrae together is called “fusion.” Sometimes, a titanium plate is screwed on the vertebrae to increase stability, especially when there is more than one disc involved.

The surgery requires a short stay of one to three days in the clinic and a gradual recovery takes 4 to 6 weeks.

Non-surgical Options

Non-surgical methods of treatment may be adopted and used from various medical systems of curing diseases such as allopathic, homeopathic,natural/physical, Unani/Ayurvedic, and the last but not the least, Yoga.

Although universally popular, allopathic system of medicine (a method of treating disease with remedies that produces effects different from or opposite to those caused by the disease itself) has never and nowhere found to be as efficacious as other alternative medical systems of treatment, natural/physical remedies (physiotherapy), homeopathy and, of course — conventional but still more efficacious systems of medicine — Unani/Ayurvedic and Yoga — that have been ceaselessly improved upon over the years by means of further study, research, development and new experiments from time to time. Allopathic system gives a quick but temporary relief whereas other systems give a slow but lasting relief.

Allopathic principle of medicine cures the effect of disease leaving its cause untouched. This resurfaces in any other form of the disease in future, while homeopathic system of treatment (a system of medicine that attempts to cure patients with heavily diluted preparations/drugs which cause effects similar to the symptoms produced by the disease…quite opposite to allopathic) gets to the bottom of the problem and eradicates the very cause of disease by its root. If diagnosed with the exact symptoms of the disease and administered an accurate medicine to the patient, the disorder disappears in a trice.

Physiotherapy is another option by which natural elements/agents such as solar energy, the water, the air, electricity, ice, etc., is resorted to, and has also been proved quite effective in the treatment of diseases. As mentioned earlier, despite amazing efficacy and utility of the homeopathic and natural remedies, allopathic system is still in vague all over the world, and there is nothing wrong with resorting to this option. However, the natural methods of curing diseases including homeopathy being a permanent solution to the whole problem, are by all manner of means, more deserve to be discussed and explained in detail in such a way as to attract more and more people, especially those afflicted with a herniated disc.

The natural method of treatment comprises a schedule of specifically prescribed exercises plus therapeutic techniques and a well-programmed bed rest. These remedies will definitely bring a quick relief from the pain and steadily accelerate the pace towards a complete recovery, regardless of the cause for the pain. Following are some suggestions with regard to the use and application of the natural therapeutic techniques to the herniated disc patients on the way leading to a durable relief and successful recovery from the back pain.

Natural Remedies-Non-surgical options

The first and foremost among these remedies are some medically prescribed techniques that follow:

Ice Pack: Ice, in fact, is the best solution, especially to the problem of strained nerves. While watching a competition of boxing, you may have definitely noticed a boxer receiving an injury in his face from the rival. The first thing his coach does is to apply an ice pack to the injured area in his face. Applying a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a towel to the site of injury also serves the purpose, if ice packs are not available in the nick of time.

Ice Massage: In most of the cases ice massage has been experienced to be quite effective and useful. Take a cube of ice and rub it around the affected area in a circular motion.

Hot packs: Hot/warm packs have been found an effective solution only to the problem of pulls/strains. These should be used only after trying the ice packs.

Body Massage: In using the massage technique, there is no need for any masseur or massage specialist to massage the patient’s body. Any of the ordinary persons/relatives can do the job very easily and comfortably. The only requirement is-oil. If you don’t have the special massage oil, take a little quantity of olive, mineral, or any ordinary oil that is within your reach. You may mix a little bit of “vanilla extract” to give it a nice scent. Pour a handful of oil on the affected area of the back and rub it gently. A back rub does not require a massage therapist. You can do it yourself without any difficulty. Just do what feels good to you and massage gently.

Bed Rest

For the cases of herniated disc, the first step towards recovery is bed rest. Though it is not possible to lie in bed all the time, the patient is best advised to do so as much as possible.

First Stage: Lay the patient on a strong and firm mattress to ensure that the back is placed as straight as possible. Moreover, the pillows should also be firm to ensure straightness and alignment of the bed. Taking rest in this way will help the body repair any damage done as a result of the disc rupture.

Second Stage: Elevating legs has been experienced to have provided higher degree of comfort in the recovery process. Place a small to medium size pillow underneath the patient’s knees. It will lessen some of the pressure that may have been put on the back of the patient while being laid down on the bed. Elevating thighs slightly may also be helpful.

Third Stage: Place a pillow or any other soft object between his legs. It will help him remove any pressure that may have been applied to the affected portion of the back. While getting out of bed, the patient is well advised to take special care not to move suddenly, rather push self into a sitting position by using a side of the body instead of the back. However, lying on the stomach is not advisable in this condition.

Fourth Stage: For a patient who is on bed rest to recover from a back complication, it is essential to consume a raw food with a plenty of fluids. Bed rest most often results in the intestinal tract getting slow and it may cause constipation. To avoid this, ingesting uncooked food high in nutrition and drinking fluids as much possible is the best precautionary measure.

Fifth Stage: Applying heat and cold to the aching parts of the body alternatively has also been experienced to have alleviated the pain associated with herniated discs.

These are some of the natural remedies that have been traditionally used for centuries by virtue of their effectiveness in curing herniated discs and they have also proved quite helpful in healing the wounds associated with herniated disc.

Recovery Time:

These remedies combined with the “pain-killers” prescribed by the physicians can and will definitely ease the pain. Recovery takes normally two weeks in non-surgical cases, and an average of three to six weeks in surgical ones, depending on the severity of the injury. By adopting a medically prescribed program of specific exercises and body movements, desirable results can be achieved.

Prevention:

There is a saying; – “prevention is better than cure.” Following the old adage, some precautionary measures must be taken to prevent the troubles. Among these are the back exercises and abdominal workouts that may prove helpful in strengthening muscles. Daily exercise, walk, jogging, running and also swimming if possible, are some of the best precautionary measures that may help you keep away from major back problems.



Source by Syed Ahmedullah

Help the Invisalign Dentist to Help You Better

Dental patients visit an Invisalign dentist to have their teeth straightened. But you need to help the dentist to help you better. The final results of an Invisalign treatment depend not only on the skills and professional acumen of the dentist, but also on you, the patient. In this article, I will be giving you a brief overview of the Invisalign treatment and share a few tips so that you can get the best results out of the treatment.

What is Invisalign?

Invisalign is one of the most viable options to straighten up your smile. You can get the benefits of braces without the outside world knowing it, and you also need not feel the encumbrance from metallic pieces in your mouth. Invisalign is considered to be a revolution in cosmetic dentistry. It is the newest product from Align Technology. Under the Invisalign treatment methodology, custom-fitted aligners are fitted toyour teeth. These aligners are created by simulating the structure of your teeth in a three-dimensional computer. The aligners work slowly, yet steadily. Your teeth are put to shape within 9 to 15 months. Invisalign is almost invisible and therefore is a great boon to people who want to avoid metal braces. However, as already stated, success of the treatment depends jointly on the dentist and the patient. The patient needs to take care of the following things in order to experience the best results.

Have Patience

You have to have patience while going for Invisalign treatment. Often people run out of patience. Your dentist will take time to bring back a flawless smile on your face. Just hold patience and Invisalign will not betray you.

Use Retainers Diligently

In some cases, your Invisalign dentist might advise you to use retainer after the treatment. Mostly, these retainers are used only during night. The purpose of retainers is to keep your teeth in shape. Failure to wear them will hinder the straightening of your teeth.

Follow a Proper Hygiene Regimen

One of the most important things that you need to ensure is to brush your teeth on a regular basis. While you have Invisalign covering your teeth, you need to be extra cautious and extra diligent in teeth cleansing. For cleaning the Invisalign alignment trays, you need to use specific dental cleansing product as advised by your dentist. For your natural teeth, you can use regular toothpaste. In case you fail to clean your teeth and the Invisalign alignment trays, complications develop. Plaque will build up on your teeth. This will make the Invisalign material opaque and visible. The basic purpose of going for the Invisalign treatment will be defeated.

Your cosmetic dentist will also advise you to remove the alignment trays only during eating or drinking. This prevents staining.

Always Wear the Aligners

Your Invisalign dentist will usually recommend to you to wear the alignment trays for about twenty hours each day. If you can devote that much time each day, the teeth straightening process will take shorter time. You are permitted to remove the alignment trays only during eating and drinking; otherwise the straightening process will be inhibited.



Source by Danielle Sage

Healing With Electricity

Unlike chronic pain where electricity is being used to stimulate nerves you have a multitude of potential applications using electricity – electromagnetic energy, to treat many of the illnesses found today. Today we’ve refined the application of electricity to the point we can define the flow of electrons and add or subtract them from an area in or around the body. This process of adding/subtracting electrons in an area increases the chemical responses throughout our body. A very simple example of this is if you place two magnets beside each other with the “south” ends facing then no matter what you do you will not be able to make the two magnets stay together as you have the similar poles repelling each other. If you switch one magnet to the “north” pole then they immediately come together.

In a simplified form this is what happens when you have negative or positively charged particles (ions) in an area and you have receptor sites to utilize the chemicals the body is producing but if the charges are the same then no attraction, but if opposite then there is an attraction to the receptor site(s) and chemical changes do occur thusly facilitating healing. In the sick or injured state there may be the chemicals being produced by the body needed to facilitate healing but often those chemicals do not have a receptor site that can utilize them due to the electrical charge of the receptor. This process may have been prevented by the receptor site lacking the polarity to attract them. i.e. opposites attract, similars repel.

The field of medicine using electromagnetic energy is certainly not new.

Hippocrates used magnets to treat various ailments in his practice of 450BC. The use of magnets evolved out of the Greek dynasty and was practiced in Rome where Galen, a Greek citizen, may have been the first sports-medicine doctor, and electromagnetism the first sports-medicine technology as he wrote often of using it on gladiators for trauma and injury around 150 AD. He later became physician to the armed forces of the Roman Empire and personal physician to Emperor Marcus Aurelius.

Noted astrophysicist,Stephen Hawking,stated “electromagnetism controls all chemical reactions, all biologic response, and life itself” as he discussed microscopic events in his book, “A Brief History of Time”. Our biological processes of staying healthy or healing are dependent upon our body and it’s electrical properties.

Doctors have been using electrical and magnetic fields since the late 1970s to help mend certain kinds of severe bone fractures that would otherwise require a bone graft. The electricity appears to increase the production of calcium inside bone cells.[1] Doctors in both Europe and the United States are obtaining astounding results using electromagnetic fields to treat damage ranging from ulcers to severe burns. Research studies show that magnetic fields predictably accelerate the healing time of soft tissue injuries as well as bones and joints.[2]

Pulsed EM fields (PEMF) or pulsed magnetic fields (PMF) have been used therapeutically with great benefit. Areas of application include:

1. nerve stimulation for intractable pain, multiple sclerosis (Sandyk, 1997), Parkinson’s disease (Sandyk, 1994b; George, 1996), and spacticity reduction in cerebral palsy;

2. soft tissue repair (Lee et al., 1993), healing of surgical wounds with increased tensile strength, decubitus chronic ulcers (Salzberg, 1995), increased angiogenesis, and the healing of recalcitrant chronic venous ulcers (Cadossi, 1990; Stiller et al., 1992);

3. bone repair;

4. treatment of osteoarthritis, including reduction of pain, swelling, and increased mobility (Trock, 1994); and

5. neuroendocrine applications for epilepsy (Sandyk et al., 1992), relief from symptoms of drug withdrawal and alleviation of depression (Kirkcaldie, 1997; Conca, 1996), anxiety, and insomnia (Erman, 1991).

Clinical studies indicate that biofield therapies are especially useful for treating anxiety (Keller et al., 1990) and pain (Quinn, 1984). A very limited number of studies suggest they may also stimulate immune function (Olson, 1997), hemoglobin formation (Krieger, 1976), and facilitate the healing of wounds (Wirth, 1992).

Today we are on the cusp of defining new, non pharmaceutical methods of treating disease and injury but research is still needed and of course the issue with research is always funding. With electromagnetic energy one has a basic not proprietary process that does not reward the research with a patent protected product that can fund research so many applications will not be properly researched due to the financial constraints.



Source by Bob G Johnson

Invisalign Gives You Braces Without Braces

Let’s face it, no one wants to get braces. As an adult, the idea of being snickered at is about as appealing as the prospect of being called “metal mouth” is for a child – no one wants either. That’s where invisalign comes in.

Invisalign is essentially a set of invisible braces that has no color and is transparent as well, allowing it to blend in seamlessly with the individual’s teeth and making it difficult to be seen while in place. Each set is also removable, allowing the wearer to take it out while eating meals, drinking liquids or while having his or her teeth cleaned.

Invisalign is also considered to be more comfortable than traditional braces. An individual wears a set for two weeks and then moves on to a new set, which allows the amount of force being utilized to move the teeth to be less and the process more gradual than traditional orthodontia, which helps to make it far less painful. It is also less harmful to the human mouth, because as each set is removable, there is less buildup of food and other bacteria as there is around a typical brace.

Because the product is removable, it also does not come with the same dietary restrictions that have accompanied orthodontics for years. Because hard, crunchy foods have the potential to crack or break a typical brace or wire, patients were often prohibited from eating such foods. This product, however, must be taken out prior to each meal or drink, so there is no potential for such an issue.

Like with typical orthodontics, the patient is usually required to wear a retainer, usually made of plastic, following the treatment. Depending on the individual needs of that patient, he or she may be required to wear it only at night or at times more often.

When meeting with a dentist or orthodontist to discuss whether invisalign is right for an individual, that person is able to see a computerized projection of what his or her smile will look like after the treatment, and also how long the process should take before achieving the desired results. Most courses of treatment are expected to take between 12 and 18 months to complete.

As compared to traditional orthodontia, this approach typically costs more, although it can vary greatly by doctor and practice. The difference in price is also not always covered by dental insurance, as it may be considered cosmetic. A potential patient should always confirm the extent that it may be covered, if at all, prior to beginning any course of treatment.

Because of its successful track record of results, invisalign is increasing in popularity by the day. It is now available through orthodontists and dentists all over the world and determining whether it is right for you is often just a phone call away.



Source by Abigail Aaronson

Considerations and Reverse Engineering of Dental Implants

It has been said that one of the most successful procedures in dentistry is the dental implant, many people may describe the process at simply making a hole in the jawbone and placing a special screw which has to be given some time to heal and finally placing a crown which finalizes the operation, simple enough isn’t it?

The truth of the matter is that dental implants and the entire procedure involved in prosthetic dentistry is anything but simple, the high success rate of implants have made it look like it is a simple-everyday process, today we’re going to take a look at the considerations and special evaluations that a restorative dentist along with an oral surgeon make before and during a dental implant.

What a patient schedules for consultation with a restorative dentist he or she will first evaluate the area where the tooth is missing and then he will proceed to evaluate the jawbone density because in order for an implant to work there must be enough bone to support this crew which is going to be “installed” on it — so to speak.

When the bone density is low event that will perform a bone augmentation which is an art and a way to increase the bone density in order to enable the area to support the screw, the teeth which are located around the area where the implant is going to be placed also need to be in good standing so should the tissue around it (gum)

Once it is a data is gathered the restorative dentist must decide what type of implant should be fabricated, this decision also requires to take in consideration specific measurements of the implant such as length, diameter, thread pattern, etc. the entire procedure must be reversed engineered by the restorative dentist prior to the intervention, this includes bone graft if the density is inadequate. The oral surgeon will assist the restorative dentist will rely in computer aided tomography and CAT scans in order to determine the right treatment.

High-tech simulations done through computer software based on CAT scan data offered enough information to the specialists in order to determine the bone quality, implant characteristics and the vital anatomy of the area. As you see the extremely high success rate of dental implants is not a matter of chance, it is a matter of knowledge, careful planning and an error-free execution which can only be achieved after years of experience.



Source by Ivan Cuxeva

Why Choose Invisalign?

Everywhere you look, it seems, someone is choosing Invisalign-choosing to wear the modern, almost invisible braces (aligners) over the more traditional metal braces. And who can really be surprised? Braces have been seen for years as a necessary evil, something absolutely nobody of any age wanted to wear but did so because he or she had to. Now, people are actually-dare we say it-smiling over the idea of wearing these aligners. Who can blame them? Read on for some reasons why Invisalign options have become so popular!

-They are, in fact, almost invisible: For generations, kids have dreaded the idea of wearing braces-and so, too, have their parents, for everyone knows how cruel kids can be and how a simple taunt about someone wearing braces can have a negative effect for years to come. Now, choosing Invisalign can turn a teenager’s braces into a conversation piece-the good kind! Everyone from classmates to teachers to other adults will be enamored with the Invisalign braces and will want to know how they work. This in turn will boost self-esteem for teenagers-as well as for adults who wear aligners-and improve the general happiness of patients.

-Even those who were fortunate enough to avoid the barbs of others suffered while wearing metal braces. First of all, metal braces hurt-both during the implementation as well as thereafter-and often resulted in lingering damage to the gums and mouth. In addition, diets had to be modified, often drastically so, and brushing after meals became mandatory, as well as extended ordeals even when patients ate the proper foods. But by choosing Invisalign, patients are choosing to eat what they enjoyed before! If a wearer wants to eat a sticky food, or a food that tends to get stuck in teeth, he or she just has to take out the aligner.

-Patients who choose one of the Invisalign options require only occasional trips to the dentist for follow-ups. Most patients only have to head back to the chair every four to six weeks. Regular maintenance of Invisalign-i.e. changing the device every two weeks-can be handled by the patient simply by looking at the “Blue Dot Indicator” that is on each aligner. When the patient sees the blue dot, it’s time to change aligners! Pretty simple!

-One of the benefits of selecting Invisalign options is the price-at an average of $5,000, it costs about the same as traditional metal braces. And with more insurance companies covering Invisalign, why wouldn’t you choose the treatment that is just as thorough yet much easier on the mouth and much more appealing to the patient?

-For adults who need braces, choosing Invisalign means choosing to spend a far shorter period of time wearing braces. While teenagers probably can’t avoid wearing aligners for the typical two to three years associated with traditional braces, adults can spend as little as 12 months or LESS with the aligners in their mouths.

Choosing Invisalign means deciding that wearing braces doesn’t have to be a miserable experience! Whatever Invisalign choice you make, it will be a less painful one for all involved!



Source by Jason M Goldberg

All About Cervical Spine Surgery and Recovery

Cervical spinal problem affects the neck and arms, so it brings along symptoms like pain and other abnormalities in the neck and arms, weakness in the shoulders and difficulty in grasping things. Most cervical problems occur due to changes in the discs and neck joints. These problems can be solved, and serious damage can be avoided by undergoing a cervical spine surgery.

When discs herniate or get hard, pressure is exerted on the nerve roots and spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord can impair hand use, normal walking, and bowel and bladder function. These symptoms are taken very seriously because if the problem persists for a long time, it may lead to permanent damage to the spine.

The result of pressure on surrounded nerve roots can cause radiculopathy and will produce in addition to the cervical spine pain, weakness and sensory changes in the area that goes from the cervical spine to the shoulder, arm, or hand.

In this case of a cervical spine problem, cervical spine surgery is performed. it helps in relieving pain and ensures quick recovery.

The cervical spine surgery relieves pain, tingling sensation, numbness in the body, and weakness. It also aids in restoring the function of the nerve, and stops any kind of abnormal motion of the spine. Cervical spine treatment is done by removing a disc or a bone and fusing the two vertebrae together by using a graft on either side, front or behind the spine.

The bone graft that is used can be of two types: the autograft, which is the bone taken from your body; or an allograft, which is the bone taken from a bone bank. Sometimes, other options are also used such as screws, metal plates or wires, in order to stabilize the spine. The technique of putting these materials in the body to provide support is called as instrumentation.

The abnormal motion of the spine stops when the surgery is performed over the affected vertebrae. The cervical spine surgery is performed on degenerated disc disorders, instability or trauma, since these conditions cause pressure on the spinal cord or on the nerves around the spine. There are certain other conditions as well under which this surgery could be performed. These include the degenerative disorder in which the cushion pads between the vertebrae shrink further, causing further wear and tear of the disc which may lead to a herniated disc. This degeneration causes pain, burning in extreme cases and tingling. Patients who have a deformity in the spine can also gain relief by this surgery.

There are certain complications associated with the cervical spine surgery, such as an injury may be caused to the spinal cord, nerves, esophagus, and vocal cords. Sometimes, the fusion of the bones does not heal, and it causes infection and pain in the grafted part. Other more serious complications can be blood clots in the lungs or urinary problems, and also paralysis.



Source by James J. Grant

Braces Vs Invisalign – Which Is Right For You?

If you have uneven, gapped or crooked teeth and want to do something about it, you have a couple options. Traditionally, fixed, metal braces have been used to straighten and align teeth. Newer technology has introduced Invisalign; clear, removable aligners which can achieve the same effect as braces. Even still, there are advantages and disadvantages of both. This article will help you decide which best suits your needs and lifestyle.

Traditional Fixed Braces

Traditional, fixed metal braces have come a long way over the years. Gone are the clunky braces that sparked the “metal mouth” stigma that followed many people as children and teenagers. Today’s fixed braces are smaller, more compact and are low-profile which reduces discomfort and improves the cosmetic aspect.

Fixed braces come in a variety of colors, which is an appealing feature for children and teens. Because fixed braces are permanent throughout the entire the process, they are very effective at achieving the desired results. Another distinct advantage of fixed braces is that they typically cost less than newer technologies. Depending on the severity of your teeth, traditional braces may be worn for 1 year or longer and are adjusted about every 6 weeks by your dentist.

There are a few disadvantages of fixed braces to consider as well. Because the brackets are permanently adhered to the teeth throughout the process, some people may experience minor damage or discoloration to the underlying tooth enamel. Patients with braces must also change their eating habits by not drinking too many fizzy beverages and avoiding eating anything hard or chewy (including gum). One disadvantage that is unavoidable with fixed braces is the discomfort patients experience when the braces are first put on and after each adjustment.

Invisalign Aligners

Invisalign is a set of clear, removable aligners that slowly align your teeth in stages. At your first appointment, your dentist will use a computer to “map” your teeth. A set of aligners are then custom made for the duration of your treatment. You will upgrade to a new aligner about every 2 weeks, and depending on the severity of your teeth, they may be used for 1 year or longer. However, studies have shown that for most people, Invisalign works quicker than traditional braces.

The most obvious advantage of the invisible aligners is the cosmetic aspect. Because the aligners are clear, they are virtually unnoticeable. Another distinct advantage is that the aligners are removable. They should be removed for cleaning, eating and drinking (anything other than water). Patients also typically experience less discomfort because the process is more gradual.

The most distinct disadvantage of Invisalign is that because they are removable, they are not working to align the teeth continually. The effectiveness of the aligners is largely dependent on a patient’s habits.

If you would like to straighten and align your teeth, talk to your dentist about the differences between fixed braces and Invisalign and decide which is right for you.



Source by Dr. Clayton Zeidler

The Process of Getting Dental Implants

Consultation

Before receiving dental implant surgery, patients will want to go in for a full consultation. It is highly recommended that you see an implant specialist for the consultation, as they will be the most highly qualified. Your dentist may specialize in implants, be sure to ask before making the appointment. During the consultation, you will be examined to be sure dental implants are the right choice for you, and some x-rays or prep steps may be made.

Bone Grafting

This step is not necessary for most patients. In order to place the implants, a healthy jawbone is necessary to fully integrate the implant. If the patient has lost many teeth and their jawbone is less healthy than it should be, a bone graft may be required. During the bone graft process, a specialized professional will take bone from another part of the body and add it to the jawbone. Other bone alternatives could also be used.

Compromised Teeth

If the patient has any non-performing or compromised teeth, they will need to be pulled before the procedure. A regular dentist, or the doctor performing the surgery can do this.

Incision

Once you are ready to have your implants placed, the first step will most likely be sedation. Once sedated or given intravenous medication, local anesthetic will be placed in the areas your jaw will receive implants. After assuring that the patient is comfortable, the dentist will then make a small incision into the gum tissue, just enough to reveal the bone where the implants will be placed.

Placement

The doctor will then use specialized tools to make what is called a “socket,” to hold the implant and assure that the bone is never damaged. Once the socket is in place, the implants can be inserted to the gum. The doctor will then secure the incision if necessary.

Osseointegration

The implants will remain beneath the gums for 3 to 6 months (temporary tooth replacements could be used during this period) to allow the jawbone to bond with the new implants. This process is called osseointegration.

Uncovering Implants

Once the osseointegration has taken place, you will go back in to the doctor to have the implants uncovered. They will then attach special extensions, called abutments for your new teeth to be place on. After the abutments are in place, there will be a few weeks of healing time.

Final Steps

Once the abutments are healed, your new teeth will be placed in. Depending on how many teeth a patient is having replaced, this could take more than one fitting, and could take several weeks or months. When the process is complete, you will have a healthy beautiful smile to show off.



Source by Dr. Miller

Invisalign Braces and Hygiene – Just One More Reason to Go Clear

Invisalign hygiene? Here is just one more reason Invisalign clear braces are superior to the traditional metal braces of our parent’s time. The gentle nagging of our mother’s voice echoes in our mind as we dutifully brush and floss our teeth twice a day fighting plaque buildup to keep our pearly whites healthy and clean. Bulky metal braces can be a hassle to keep clean for aesthetic purposes, but imagine what you can’t see hiding around those metal brackets and wires. Invisalign braces have not only revolutionized smile aesthetics, but have changed dental hygiene forever.

The clear Invisalign aligners are removed for every meal, which means that you won’t get embarrassing food bits caught in your teeth and more importantly it makes keeping your teeth healthy and clean a cinch. With Invisalign, brushing and flossing after meals, before bed and upon waking is as simple as if you didn’t have braces at all. For these brief periods, the aligners can be removed so your teeth can get a thorough brushing and flossing. The aligners also come with their own cleaning solution to help remove any lingering bacteria before they go back into your mouth. As an added benefit, you change aligners every 3-4 weeks depending on your smile needs. This translates to less time each your clear braces actually have to be in your mouth. The cycling of new Invisalign aligners throughout your treatment can put your mind at ease when it comes to microscopic bacteria in hard to reach places and just when you feel like that cleaning solution isn’t keeping your aligners clean enough, it is time for a new set. The Invisalign system was designed for easy use and great aesthetics, but dental hygiene is an additional bonus to an already amazing product.

Compare this with traditional braces that require clever maneuvering around bulky brackets, as well as wearing the same set of metal braces for the duration of your treatment. Yes, your bands get changed on a regular basis, but the metal braces are there to stay regardless of the number of cheetos, oreos, or other teeth sticking food you eat. Something as simple as easier teeth cleanings can go a long way to maintaining oral hygiene and good oral hygiene is always the first place to start when seeking that perfect smile. Dental hygiene is just one of the many benefits of Invisalign clear braces.



Source by David Eshom