A set of crooked and misshaped teeth often eat into your self confidence. Your not-so-perfect pearly whites make you extremely self conscious when speaking in public. Most of the time, you prefer to stay quiet and keep your thoughts to yourself. This shouldn’t be a problem anymore for there are multiple dental procedures that one can use to straighten crooked teeth and get the much needed smile makeover.
Here’s a list of the options your dentist might offer you. The best method for you will depend on the degree of misalignment.
What causes crooked teeth?
- In many, hereditary factors have a major say.
- Tooth problems such as decay and cavities also influence the development of teeth in children.
- Habits such as grinding the teeth, biting your nails, sucking the thumb or thrusting the tongue against the teeth might also cause them to grow crooked or out of shape.
1. Tooth Reshaping:
This procedure is recommended for minor adjustments. The teeth are straightened by simple polishing and gentle abrasion techniques. The procedure requires the least time compared to other procedures and is often completed in a single sitting. It is often combined with bonding. In bonding, the dentist applies a mixture of resin and quartz to the tooth. Thereafter, he polishes and sculpts it to make it blend with the rest of the set.
2. Traditional Braces and Invisalign
Before the advent of Invisalign, crowns and veneers, metal braces were the most popular dental procedure to straighten crooked teeth. They use metal brackets and wires attached with a special glue to correct the alignment. The patient has to visit the dentist’s office at regular intervals to tighten the braces. Braces must be worn for a minimum of two years; a few might have to wear them longer depending on the condition of their teeth.
The metal braces are and have always been the most reasonable option in terms of the price. However, the metal brackets against a white background tend to look ugly. Also, after the initial fitting, they cause a lot of discomfort from rubbing against the cheeks and lips. To do away with these problems dentists have introduced Invisalign. They are invisible. They are made of medical grade plastic and therefore are more comfortable to wear in the mouth. It is made like a mould to be worn over the teeth and can be easily removed to brush and clean.
Individuals have to wear retainers after the braces are removed to make sure that the teeth do not get misaligned again.
3. Veneers and Crowns:
The use of veneers is also called “Instant Orthodontics” due to the speed with which it rectifies the problem. Veneers are thin wafer attachments made either of porcelain or ceramic. They are tailored to match the shape and color of your teeth to create a natural look. The dentist sands down the natural enamel before fitting the veneer using an acid resistant bonding material.
Crowns are almost similar to veneers in the manner in which they work except that they are available in metal options too. Crowns and veneers helps fill in gaps and reshape crooked teeth.
4. Jaw Reconstruction:
In many cases, crooked teeth are the result of a deficiency in the supporting skeletal structure or the shape and position of the jaw. Here, in order to be realigned, they will require invasive procedures such as orthognathic surgery.