Dental implants have been providing a great alternative for restoring a missing tooth or teeth for the past many years. The implants are best described as anchors that are placed into your jaw bone to permanently support crowns or dentures.
Although the implants, made out of titanium alloy or ceramic, are now considered the Number 1 option to replace missing teeth but because they are surgically implanted in jaw you may encounter some problems and complications.
As with any surgical procedure there are some potential downsides to dental implants that you should be aware of before considering it as an alternative for replacing your missing teeth.
One of the most common problems that occur with dental implants includes the improper fusion of the implant surface (Osseointegrated) with the surrounding bone. There are several factors that can lead to failure of osseointegration. These factors include limited availability of bone to stabilize the implanted root, an occurrence of infection in the implant recipient site, overheating of the jaw bone, pressure being applied on the dental implant immediately after implantation or compromised blood supply.
One of the most common problems particularly with titanium implants is that it can trigger an allergic or inflammatory reaction in patients who are allergic to metal. Made out of a metal, this implant can lead to galvanism, allergies and inflammation in bone and gums around a dental implant.
Placement of the implants can lead to infection in the surrounding areas. Since the false dental root is surgically implanted into the jaw, the tissues around it can become infected. Infection can be introduced during the surgery or the crown restoration. Poor oral hygiene can cause infections as well.
Nerve damage due to over-preparation of the implant site is another potential complication that can result in numbness (parasthesia), pain and an ongoing tingling in the tongue, chin, lips, or gums.
Dental Implant Rejection
Any implant in the body is viewed as a foreign substance that can be rejected by the body. If in any way dental implant or jaw is compromised by bacteria at the time of implantation, it will rejected by the patient’s body. Infection is the major cause for dental implant rejection.
Failure of Implant
While rare, dental implant failure can occur in some patients. Exerting excessive pressure on newly implanted post can lead to partial or complete structural breakage of a dental implant. Grinding the teeth at night while sleeping (medically referred to as Bruxism) can disturb the positioning of an implant, eventually leading to its failure. In order to keep the implant protected at sleeping and resting times, it may be necessary to use a mouth guard.
Some patients may encounter prolonged pain in the area of the placement. This may be caused by severe localized inflammation or placement of the prosthetic root near a major or even a minor nerve branch. In these situations there are different methods of intervention. If the pain persists for a longer period of time, the implant removal becomes necessary.
Injury to Adjacent Teeth
It is likely that a patient got his/her adjacent teeth injured during placement of the implant. The injury may happen during preparation of the recipient site. When drilling, the dentist may injure an adjacent tooth. In order to eliminate this potential problem, it is very important that you get the dental implantation done in a reputed aesthetic dental clinic at the hands of a skilled dental surgeon.
For the elimination of the above mentioned complications and problems it is vital that patients visit their implant specialists on regular basis to ensure well being of their restorations.