A dental bone grafting is useful for the restoration of the bone after a bone loss resulting from a complicated tooth extraction or tooth loss. As soon as the bone is restored, a dentist can fix implants or carry out other procedures. For the period of the bone graft, spare bone from the patient, cadaver or synthetic bone is placed in the area with bone deficiency thereby fusing to the subsisting bone as it heals which will strengthen the area for future processes.
On the day of the bone graft surgery, you may be placed on general anesthesia, sedated orally or by IV or kept awake with a local anesthetic so that the area will be without any sensation. You can ask your dentist for the option he is going to make use of so that you can make provision for someone to drive to the hospital and back home. You should plan to take one or two days off from work so that you can feel better after being under anesthesia before returning to work. You can try to schedule the surgery on a Friday, if possible, so that you will have the whole weekend to recover.
Your dentist will prescribe antibiotics for you in order to avert infection and the drugs must be properly taken according to the prescription. You will also be given pain relievers which will be very useful for some days after the operation. You should inform your dentist about any allergies and side effects that you are experiencing so that he will be able to prescribe drugs and supplements that will alleviate them for you.
After the dental bone grafting, you should avoid foods that are hard or require much chewing until you are asked to do so by your dentist. This is necessary at this stage in order not to put pressure on the area until it is totally healed and you may not be able to make use of dentures for a few weeks after the operation. You should also shun brushing the area until the incision is fully healed and afterwards, you should brush gently without applying any pressure. Your dental bone graft can take between 6 and 12 months before healing completely. You may require follow-up appointments with your dentist in order to check the healing process and he may carry out x-rays if necessary. Sometimes, the bone graft may fail and if this happens, your dentist will remove it and try again after the area has completely healed.