The surgical fixation of a joint by a procedure designed to accomplish fusion of the joint surfaces by promoting the proliferation of bone cells; called also artificial ankylosis. The goal of arthrodesis is to provide pain relief, restore skeletal stability, and improve alignment in people with advanced arthritis.
Arthrodesis is mostly performed on ankles and wrists but it can be performed on other joints.
It is most commonly performed on joints in the spine, hand, ankle, and foot.The typical causes of such pain are fractures which disrupt the joint, and arthritis. Signs and symptoms of arthritis of the foot vary, depending on which joint is affected. Common symptoms include pain or tenderness, stiffness or reduced motion, and swelling. Walking may be difficult.
There are different ways to perform arthrodesis surgery:
Bone graft in which the bone can be taken from another part of the body or from a bome bank and placed in between the two bones being fused to stimulate the fusion.
Metal implants can be attached to the two bones to hold them together in a position which favours bone growth overtime, the body heals the bones to become one.
While a fused joint loses flexibility it can bear weight better is more stable and is no longer painful.
The primary benefit of arthrodesis is pain relief in the affected joint. By surgically eliminating the joint, pain relief is an attainable goal, barring any complications of surgery.
There are dedicated specialized hospitals in India for Joint Replacerment like Indraprastha Apollo Hospital (New Delhi), JCI Accredited Apollo Hospitals (Chennai), Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai. They availed high quality and cost effective advanced surgery in India.