Cervical spinal problem affects the neck and arms, so it brings along symptoms like pain and other abnormalities in the neck and arms, weakness in the shoulders and difficulty in grasping things. Most cervical problems occur due to changes in the discs and neck joints. These problems can be solved, and serious damage can be avoided by undergoing a cervical spine surgery.
When discs herniate or get hard, pressure is exerted on the nerve roots and spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord can impair hand use, normal walking, and bowel and bladder function. These symptoms are taken very seriously because if the problem persists for a long time, it may lead to permanent damage to the spine.
The result of pressure on surrounded nerve roots can cause radiculopathy and will produce in addition to the cervical spine pain, weakness and sensory changes in the area that goes from the cervical spine to the shoulder, arm, or hand.
In this case of a cervical spine problem, cervical spine surgery is performed. it helps in relieving pain and ensures quick recovery.
The cervical spine surgery relieves pain, tingling sensation, numbness in the body, and weakness. It also aids in restoring the function of the nerve, and stops any kind of abnormal motion of the spine. Cervical spine treatment is done by removing a disc or a bone and fusing the two vertebrae together by using a graft on either side, front or behind the spine.
The bone graft that is used can be of two types: the autograft, which is the bone taken from your body; or an allograft, which is the bone taken from a bone bank. Sometimes, other options are also used such as screws, metal plates or wires, in order to stabilize the spine. The technique of putting these materials in the body to provide support is called as instrumentation.
The abnormal motion of the spine stops when the surgery is performed over the affected vertebrae. The cervical spine surgery is performed on degenerated disc disorders, instability or trauma, since these conditions cause pressure on the spinal cord or on the nerves around the spine. There are certain other conditions as well under which this surgery could be performed. These include the degenerative disorder in which the cushion pads between the vertebrae shrink further, causing further wear and tear of the disc which may lead to a herniated disc. This degeneration causes pain, burning in extreme cases and tingling. Patients who have a deformity in the spine can also gain relief by this surgery.
There are certain complications associated with the cervical spine surgery, such as an injury may be caused to the spinal cord, nerves, esophagus, and vocal cords. Sometimes, the fusion of the bones does not heal, and it causes infection and pain in the grafted part. Other more serious complications can be blood clots in the lungs or urinary problems, and also paralysis.